Year 2023, Volume 8, Issue 3

Year : 2023
Volume : 8
Issue : 3
Authors : Nader Amir FARES, Hamid EL BILALI
Abstract : Tunisia, a North African country located in the Mediterranean region, faces significant challenges to its food security in the context of a changing climate. This study aims to provide an in-depth analysis of the literature dealing with the nexus between climate change and food security in Tunisia. In particular, the review investigates the impact of climate change on the four dimensions of food security – namely availability, access, utilization, and stability – and explores potential mitigation and coping strategies. The review suggests a lack of research on this critical topic. Climate change has impacted negatively Tunisia's water resources, leading to increased water scarcity and a decline in agricultural productivity. This situation has direct implications for food availability in the country. Furthermore, the increasing frequency of extremely severe weather events (e.g., droughts, floods) contributes to the volatility of food prices. This affects the accessibility of food for vulnerable populations, particularly those residing in rural areas. Moreover, access to food is becoming harder for consumers, which has also led to some changes in diets (cf. food use/utilization). By the end, the Tunisian food system is more vulnerable and threatened by climate change, which affects its long-term stability and sustainability. Additional research is necessary to gain a better understanding of the intricate interplay between climate change and food security in Tunisia, as well as how this challenge can be compounded by other external crises and stresses, such as the COVID-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine. Such research could help advance knowledge on food security in Tunisia and North Africa more broadly.
For citation : Fares, N. A., El Bilali, H. (2023). Nexus between climate change and food security in Tunisia. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 8. Issue No. 3. pp. 77-87. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG2303077F
Keywords : climate change, food system, agriculture, food security, North Africa.
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