Year 2023, Volume 8, Issue 2

Year : 2023
Volume : 8
Issue : 2
Authors : Theodoros GALITSAS, Fokion PAPATHANASIOU, Theano B. LAZARIDOU
Abstract : Intercropping of two or more species in the same field was a common practice in the past, butisstill followed by many growers in our days as well. The purpose of this research was to study the effect of two different spatial arrangements on yield after intercropping grain legumes with cereals. The experiment was established at the farm of the School of Agricultural Sciences, in Florina (Greece). For this to be done, two varieties of lentils (Elpida and Thessalia) were used as grain legumes, and bread wheat (cultivar Yekora) and oat (cultivar Kassandra) were used as cereals, which were planted individually as well as intercropped in two sowing systems (1:1 alternating rows and mixed rows in a 50:50 sowing ratio). In each experimental plot, six rows five meters long were sown, while the four inner were harvested. During the growing season, the following morphological traits were measured: the blooming, as well as the grain yield, and the protein content of the seeds. The protein content was determined by using the NIR (Near - infared - spectroscopy spectrometer). Differences were found between treatments regarding yield and protein content. The bread wheat variety Yekora and the oat variety Kassandra yielded better intercropped with the lentil variety Thessalia and Elpida respectively. Lentil variety Thessalia was not affected by the intercropping with Yekora in alternating rows, while it was damaged intercropped with Yekora in mixed sowing. The lentil cultivar Elpida was not affected by the intercropping with Yekora and Kassandra in either of the sowing systems. Regarding the protein content, the bread wheat variety Yekora was not affected by the intercropping with either of the lentil varieties in either of thespatial arrangements. The oat variety Kassandra wasfavored by intercropping with the lentil variety Elpida (mixed rows). However, Elpida was damaged intercropped with oat variety Kassandra (mixed rows).
For citation : Galitsas, T., Papathanasiou, F., Lazaridou, T. B. (2023). Yield and protein content of grain legumes intercropping with cereals in two spatial arrangements. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 8. Issue No. 2. pp. 111-116. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG2302111G
Keywords : intercropping, grain yield, spatial arrangement.
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