Year 2023, Volume 8, Issue 2

Year : 2023
Volume : 8
Issue : 2
Authors : Samir BELAIDI, Amine M. BENMEHAIA
Abstract : Irrigated agriculture in Algeria plays an essential role in the national economy and food security historically facing significant water scarcity challenges. This problem has intensified over time, with an average annual rainfall of 89 mm and a weighted rainfall index of 241.50 mm for agricultural land. Furthermore, with an average water endowment of 380 m3 per person per year in 2021, Algeria is classified as a country with limited water resources. Moreover, Algeria has implemented irrigation subsidy programs to boost the agricultural irrigation sector since 2000. However, it is of crucial importance to assess the possible rebound effect of these subsidies, as they may result in an increase in overall water consumption despite efficiency increases made by enhanced irrigation techniques. The aim of this research is to investigate the impact of irrigation subsidies on water consumption in Algeria. Data from 2001 to 2020 on irrigation sector in Algeria show comparable trends to China, India, Morocco, Tunisia, Australia, the United States, and Spain, where water consumption quantities have mainly increased due to subsidy programs. As a result, the already-stressed water resources are strained even further. These findings highlight the critical importance of prudent and sustainable water resource management for the public policy in the context of irrigated agriculture in Algeria.
For citation : Belaidi, S., Benmehaia, A. M. (2023). Rebound effect of irrigation subsidy programs in Algeria. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 8. Issue No. 2. pp. 32-45. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG2302032B
Keywords : Irrigation, rebound effect, subsidy programs, Algeria.
download paper