Year 2016, Volume 1, Issue 3

Year : 2016
Volume : 1
Issue : 3
Authors : Asztéria ALMÁSI, Gábor CSILLÉRY, Katalin SALÁNKI, Katalin NEMES, László PALKOVICS, István TÓBIÁS
Abstract : In Hungary resurgence of Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) frequently causes heavy crop losses in pepper production since the mid nineties. Management of TSWV control was first directed against the thrips (using different insecticides or plastic traps), and against weeds as host plants of the virus and the thrips. Later on Tsw resistance gene was introduced from Capsicum chinense PI 152225 and PI 159236 into different types of pepper. In 2010 and 2011 sporadically, but in 2012 more frequently a resistance breaking (RB) strain of TSWV on resistant pepper cultivars was observed in the Szentes region (South-East Hungary). The presence of a new resistance breaking strain was demonstrated by virological (test-plant, serological and RT-PCR) methods. Previously, the non-structural protein (NSs) encoded by small RNA (S RNA) of TSWV was verified as the avirulence factor for Tsw resistance, therefore we analyzed the S RNA of the Hungarian RB and wild type (WT) isolates and compared to previously analyzed TSWV strains with RB properties from different geographical origins. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the different RB strains had the closest relationship with the local WT isolates and there was no conserved mutation present in all the NSs genes of RB isolates from different geographical origins. According to these results, it is concluded that the RB isolates evolved separately in geographic point of view and according to the RB mechanism. In order to find new genetic sources of resistance in Capsicum species 89 lines from Capsicum annuum, C. chinense, C. frutescens, C. chacoense, C. baccatum var. baccatum, C. baccatum var. pendulum and C. praetermissum were tested with the Hungarian TSWV-RB isolate.
For citation : Almási, A., Csilléry, G., Salánki, K., Nemes, K., Palkovics, L., Tóbiás I. (2016). Investigation on tomato spotted wilt virus infecting pepper plants in Hungary. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 1. Issue No. 3. pp. 12-17. DOI:10.7251/AGRENG1603012A
Keywords : tomato spotted wilt virus, wild type and resistance breaking strains, NSs protein, resistance
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