Year 2016, Volume 1, Issue 2

Year : 2016
Volume : 1
Issue : 2
Authors : Anna LINKINA, Elena NEDICOVA
Abstract : As it is known, fertility is the most important property of soils to meet the needs of plants in nutrient elements, moisture or air and to provide conditions for their normal life. It is clear that yield of crops depends on soil quality. That is why the preservation of fertility is an important task in the implementation of agricultural production. Agrolandscape systems based on environmental based should be introduced in agriculture to solve the problem of preventing the degradation of soils, reducing water and wind erosion. Principles and methodology of landscape planning can be successfully adopted in farming systems that combine high environmental and economic indicators. During the years with unfavorable conditions such as drought or excessive moisture in farms with adaptive farming the yield is 30 % higher than in agricultural enterprises with the traditional farming system. The article discussed that the minimum value of the environment-stabilizing farm land agrolandscapes should not exceed 40% of the total land. The conducted experiments proved that the humus content in the households under consideration was increased by 0.24%. Average crop yields in the years with unfavorable weather conditions in the test farm (Kantemirovsky District, Voronezh region) are the following: grains 29 dt/ ha, sunflower 24 dt/ha, and for Kantemirovsky District, on average, 19.4 dt/ha and 17 dt/ha respectively. Stability of agrolandscapes depends on correlation between sustainable and destruct lands. Percentage ratio of agricultural lands for the sustainable agrolandscapes is determined.
For citation : Linkina, A., Nedicova, E. (2016). Ways to preserve soil fertility based on agrolandscape. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 1. Issue No. 2. pp. 112-118. DOI:10.7251/AGRENG1602112L
Keywords : agrolandscape, adaptive landscape system, soil fertility, Chernozem region
download paper