Year 2016, Volume 1, Issue 2

Year : 2016
Volume : 1
Issue : 2
Authors : Attila TOMÓCSIK, Marianna MAKÁDI, Viktória OROSZ, Tibor ARANYOS, Ibolya DEMETER, József MÉSZÁROS, György FÜLEKY
Abstract : Due to the increasing number of sewage cleaning plants, the amount of sewage sludge also increases. We have to solve the environmentally sound disposal of the sludge. Results of many experiments show that sewage sludge and sewage sludge compost can be recycled as nutrient suppling material in agriculture. Municipal sewage sludge compost could cause the occurrence and accumulation of toxic elements in the soil. A small-plot experiment with sewage sludge compost was established in the spring of 2003. The applied compost contains 40% sewage sludge, 25% straw, 30% rhyolite, 5% betonite. The small-plot experiment was re-treated in the autumn of 2006, 2009, 2012and 2015. There are 4 treatments in five blocks, where the sewage sludge compost was applied at a rate of 0, 9, 18 and 27 tha-1 and then ploughed into the soil. Triticale as autumn cereal, maize and green pea as spring crops were sown in crop rotation every year. Plant samples were collected before harvesting. In this paper the results of crop yield between 2010-2012 are presented. Crops of triticale and maize were higher in the treated plots than in control one in 2010 and 2011. Treatment effect was not observed on green pea yield.The results show that the effect of applied compost doses depends on plant species and time. Our aim is to maintain this unique long-term experiment for studying the composted sewage sludge as a nutrient and organic matter source, applying it similarly to the farmyard manure.
For citation : Tomócsik, A., Makádi, M., Orosz, V., Aranyos, T., Demeter, I., Mészáros, J., Füleky, G. (2016). Effect of sewage sludge compost treatment on crop yield. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 1. Issue No. 2. pp. 5-12. DOI:10.7251/AGRENG1602005T
Keywords : sewage sludge, long-term experiment, crop yield, compost treatment
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