Year 2016, Volume 1, Issue 1

Year : 2016
Volume : 1
Issue : 1
Authors : Larbi TOUMI
Abstract : Food security is a major issue and constant challenge in the developing world. Morocco has reached the target of the first MDG and, since 1990-1992, has maintained the prevalence of undernourishment level of 5%, but it remains vulnerable to climate change in case of recurrence of drought and external shocks. Researches on food security in Morocco and its relationship with sustainable development are not been sufficiently developed in the direction of proposing models of sustainable food security strategies. Then, this study aims to clarify the relationship between food security and sustainable food chain and to propose a roadmap for food security in Morocco, learnt from the visit study to Singapore as a leading country in food security. According to GFSI (Global Food Security Index) of the Economist Intelligence unit, Singapore is ranked second in the world after United States in 2015. Results outline the issues and challenges of food security at both global and national levels and highlight the strengths and weaknesses of food security in Morocco via the analysis of the Moroccan’s food security balance through the GFSI (Global Food Security Index) of the Economist Intelligence Unit. Finally, this study proposes a roadmap to ensure sustainable food security in Morocco focused on two strategic pillars: governance and organizational pillar and technical and financial support pillar. The first pillar concerns the establishment of a national authority in charge of coordination and implementation of food security strategies. The second pillar includes a set of recommendations related to technical and financial support aspects as optimizing storage foods, increasing agricultural productivity via agro-ecological intensification and sensitizing farmers in adoption of sustainable agriculture principles.
For citation : Toumi, L. (2016). Sustainable food security in Morocco: Challenges & opportunities. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 1. Issue No. 1. pp. 30-40. DOI:10.7251/AGRENG1601030T
Keywords : food security, sustainable food value chain, sustainable development
download paper