Year 2019, Volume 4, Issue 3

Year : 2019
Volume : 4
Issue : 3
   
Authors : Rita SZABÓ, Péter BUDAI, Éva KORMOS, István BUDA, Adrienn GRÚZ, Géza SZEMERÉDY, József LEHEL, Rita FÁTH
Title : MODEL STUDY TO INVESTIGATE THE TOXIC INTERACTION BETWEEN GLYPHOSATE AND COPPER SULPHATE ON CHICKEN EMBRYOS
Abstract : The toxic effects of the Taifun Forte herbicide (360 g/l glyphosate isopropylamine salt) applied alone or in combination with copper sulphate were studied on chicken embryos in the early phase of embryonic development. The test materials were injected in 0.1 ml volume into the air chamber of eggs on the first day of incubation. Subsequently, on the third day of incubation permanent preparations were made from the embryo in order to study the early developmental stage. Embryos fixed on slides and stained with osmium tetroxide solution were studied under light microscope. The embryonic mortality and the developmental anomalies was analysed statistically by Fisher test. According to the result of the statistical evaluation, the embryonic mortality was not influenced by the single treatment of copper sulphate. However, Taifun Forte and its combination with heavy metal significantly increased the early embryonic mortality. Developmental abnormalities were sporadically observed due to the single administration of copper sulphate. The incidence of it was increased due to the treatment with herbicide alone and in combination with copper sulphate. Based on the results, additive toxic interaction may occur between the copper sulphate and glyphosate that can highly reduce the viability of the embryos or can lead to extinction of wild birds in serious cases.
Keywords : glyphosate, copper sulphate, interaction, embryonic mortality, chicken embryo
   

 

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