Year 2019, Volume 4, Issue 1

Year : 2019
Volume : 4
Issue : 1
Authors : Andrii MELNYK, Svetlana ZHERDETSKA, Tatiana MELNYK, Ghulam SHABIR, Shahid ALI
Abstract : The market for oilseeds in Ukraine is a large segment of the general market for agricultural products. Mustard (Brassica junceaL) is an oilseed crop that can restore the optimal ratio of crops in crop rotation and not reduce the rates of economic activity. Ukraine is among the top ten world leaders in its cultivation. The warming trends observed over the last 30 years in the world and in Ukraine, allow growing of mustard throughout the country. Consequently, it became necessary to develop varietal technologies for growing mustard for specific soil and climatic conditions. The objective of this research was to develop cultivation technology for Brassica junceaL in the conditions of the north-eastern forest-steppe of Ukraine for the first time. We studied the influence of weather conditions on the peculiarities of growth, development, formation of biomass, photosynthetic activity, productivity indices, yield, seed quality, oil production, depending on the variety, sowing time, seeding rates and fertilizer for growing bluish mustard. According to research results, for the formation of 1.71-1.91 t/ha of bluish mustard seeds in the conditions of the north-eastern forest-steppe of Ukraine on typical black soil, the cultivation technology should include: use of seeds of modern high-yielding adapted varieties; start sowing at soil temperature of 4-5 o C at a depth of 10 cm; the rate of fertilizer N30P30K30 (during pre-sowing cultivation) and seeding rates of the varieties Prima - 1.5 million pieces/ha, and Retro -2.0 million pieces/ha.
For citation : Melnyk, A., Zherdetska, S., Melnyk, T., Shabir, G., Ali, S. (2019). Agrobiological features of mustard (Brassica Juncea L.) in Ukraine under current climate change conditions. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 4. Issue No. 1. pp. 93-101. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG1901093M
Keywords : bluish mustard, sowing date, fertilizer rates, seeding rates, yield
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