Year 2018, Volume 3, Issue 2

Year : 2018
Volume : 3
Issue : 2
Authors : Wioletta WRZASZCZ
Abstract : Organic farms form a perspective segment of the Polish agriculture, which have been developing very dynamically since Poland accession to the European Union (from 2004). Changes in the population of these agricultural holdings` group are the result of the growing demand for organic agricultural products, the growing environmental awareness of society, as well as current agricultural policy focused on agrienvironmental practices, for which farmers are remunerated in the form of subsidies. Organic production methods include good soil condition maintenance, plant nutritious needs and animal welfare requirements. Organic farms may be differently organised. There are three basic forms of organic farms organization, namely: farms that are in transition to organic production system (are implementing environmental practices in stages); farms that combine organic and conventional production system; farms organized solely according to the organic principles. Legal requirements strictly specify what features an organic farm should have, in each of the identified organisational forms. The aim of the article is to compare organizational forms of organic farms in Poland in terms of production and economic efficiency. There were analyzed organic farms in comparison to conventional farms included in Farm Accountancy Data Network 2015. The research were conducted on the basis of indicators analysis, considering calculation reflected costs, production, economics and subsidy value connected with the Common Agricultural Policy directed to farms.
For citation : Wrzaszcz, W., (2018). Organizational forms of organic farms in Poland. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 3. Issue No. 2. pp. 56-64. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG1802056W
Keywords : organic farms, organizational forms, economic analysis, Farm Accountancy Data Network, Poland
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