Year 2018, Volume 3, Issue 1

Year : 2018
Volume : 3
Issue : 1
Authors : Jasmina OLJAČA, Zoran BROĆIĆ, Nebojša MOMIROVIĆ, Dobrivoj POŠTIĆ, Danijel PANTELIĆ, Jelena RUDIĆ, Ivana MOMČILOVIĆ
Abstract : Plant growing technology involves usage of complex agrotechnical operations aimed at creating favorable conditions for plant growth and development, that is, for better exploitation of cultivar genetic potential. Effects of mulching with white and black polyethylene foil, and organic mulch (straw) were studied in three, drip-irrigated potato cultivars: Carrera (early), Laura (medium early) and Agria (medium late). Treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications at the site of Zemun Polje, Serbia (44°88'N, 20°35'E, 79 m a.s.l.) in three consecutive years (2011–2013). Results obtained on the variants with different mulch materials were compared with results attained on the plot with bare soil (control). The highest average number of tubers per plant was determined in cv. Laura’s control variant (12.0), while the lowest average number of tubers was determined in the cv. Agria with white mulch (8.2). The highest average tuber mass (146.3 g) and total tuber yield (59.6 t ha-1) was determined in cv. Carrera subjected to the straw mulch treatment. The lowest average tuber mass and tuber yield was found in the cv. Agria on the variant with black polyethylene foil (83 g and 27.8 t ha-1). The results obtained in our study indicate positive effect of the combination of straw mulch and irrigation on the productivity of potato. Modern growing technology, which includes the regulation of temperature in the surface soil layer by combination of soil mulching, drip irrigation system, and the use of adequate genotypes, can result in high potato yield.
For citation : Oljača, J., Broćić, Z., Momirović, N., Poštić, D., Pantelić, D., Rudić, J., Momčilović, I. (2018). Effects of cultivar and mulching on the potato yield. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 3. Issue No. 1. pp. 132-138. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG1801132O
Keywords : mulching, potato, potato yield, tuber mass
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