Year 2018, Volume 3, Issue 1

Year : 2018
Volume : 3
Issue : 1
Authors : Ewa WÓJCIK, Tomasz KIJEK, Anna NOWAK
Abstract : Changes in relations between production factors necessitate surveys into their effect on the total value of production. This paper aims to determine the extent to which the involvement of production factors in the production process, in particular in connection with progress, that is, broadly interpreted innovation, had an influence on the value of production of specific size farms determined based on cropland area. The surveys were based on figures recorded for individual commercial farms registered in the database of the Polish Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN). It ensured the methodological uniformity of data used in this paper. The analysis of the production process on farms was carried out by means of the Cobb-Douglas (C-D) production function method. The study makes it possible to evaluate changes in the productivity of production factors on commercial farms in years covered by the surveys. The flexibility of relations between total production in PLN (Polish Zloty) and production factors, i.e. labour output in man-hours and total costs in PLN, was analyzed. Changes in the management effectiveness of commercial farms which occurred when Poland joined the European Union were evaluated. According to the survey, the level of technical and organisational progress was the highest on farms with the largest cropland area, i.e. 30 =< 50 ha and more than 50 ha, as well as on farms with the smallest cropland area, i.e. less than 5 ha. The size of the farm sufficient to satisfy the requirement of farming products is 10=<20 ha of cropland and 20=<30 ha of cropland.
For citation : Wójcik, E., Kijek, T., Nowak, A. (2018). The role of innovation on commercial farms in Poland. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 3. Issue No. 1. pp. 84-91. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG1801084W
Keywords : agriculture, commercial farms, Poland, production factors, innovation.
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