Year 2018, Volume 3, Issue 1

Year : 2018
Volume : 3
Issue : 1
Authors : Maria-Mihaela ANTOFIE, Camelia SAVA SAND
Abstract : Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) came into the world attention due to their genetic erosion upon the adoption of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (Plant Treaty) in 2001. Among these, landraces are recognized for their value when are maintained in the same agro-ecosystem for more than 50 years. However, food security as a complex and sensitive subject, is acting between national and local levels and depends on socio-economic attributes of rural societies deeply embedded in the history of the place grounding the traditional knowledge (TK) related to local communities' lifestyle. In the past 25 years Romania lost more than 75% of its own plant genetic resources based on recorded official data, even its economy depends on the activity of more than 69% small landowners (i.e. over 800,000.00). From economic point of view, such type of agriculture is not productive. However, 32% of the today Romania’s territory is declared as protected areas and most of these arable lands are in buffering zones or inside protected areas. Studying the village Ațel, from Sibiu county, Valea Târnavelor (i.e. in the buffering zones of protected areas), reveals that rural areas are rich pools of landraces that have been preserved and cultivated by at least 50% of local householders for more than 50 years (i.e. wheat, corn, rye, barley, oats, peas, cabbage, beans, onions, lettuce, spinach, celery, parsley, garlic, carrot, dills). The poorness of these villages in the today economic terms is counteracted by the richness of biodiversity, TK, PGRFA and local gastronomy. The scope of this article is to envisage original approaches, for connecting local TK to economy based on gastronomic tourism that may provide these villages the chance to become part of it.
For citation : Antofie, M. M., Sand, C. S. (2018). Plant genetic resources and gastronomic tourism. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 3. Issue No. 1. pp. 43-53. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG1801043A
Keywords : landraces, food security, rural development, on farm conservation, gastronomic tourism, traditional knowledge
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