Year 2017, Volume 2, Issue 3

Year : 2017
Volume : 2
Issue : 3
Authors : Erika QUENDLER
Abstract : For decades, the mountain regions in Austria have been of regional, social, environmental and economic relevance. The European Union has ranked them among the most disadvantaged areas for agriculture. Nevertheless, in mountainous regions, ‘disadvantaged’ is not synonymous with marginal. On the contrary, agriculture is central to mountainous regions. In Austria the mountain area makes up 70% of national territory and 50% of the utilised agricultural area. Mountain agriculture is largely family farming. It is as diverse as the myriad mountain landscapes available, but at the same time, there are also commonalities to farming in lowland regions. With this in mind the research questions are: (i) what are the characteristics of family farming in mountain regions and (ii) how do they differ from agriculture in lowland regions? Following some definitive remarks on family farming and the classification of mountain regions, this paper outlines the situation in Austria using select key indicators from the agri-structural data of the Integrated Administration and Control System and income data, 2014. Next, certain characteristics are highlighted using select data from the survey ‘Life and working conditions of female farmers in Austria’ conducted in the year 2016. When analysing the agriculture in mountain and lowland regions we employed descriptive statistics. Based on the findings, we try to give some suggestions on the need for further research and on future perspectives for both mountain and lowland agriculture.
For citation : Quendler, E. (2017). Mountain farming in Austria. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 2. Issue No. 3. pp. 5-12. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG1703005Q
Keywords : Agriculture, lowland regions, mountain regions, Austria
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