Year 2017, Volume 2, Issue 2

Year : 2017
Volume : 2
Issue : 2
Authors : Mustafa TAN, Süleyman TEMEL
Abstract : Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.), an Andean crop, is native food plant of high nutritional value and its cultivation is increasing rapidly in the World. Background studies should be conducted on the determination of appropriate quinoa varieties for different ecologies for its cultivation to become widespread in a healthy way. This study was conducted in 2015 and 2016 in Erzurum and Igdir non-irrigation conditions in the Eastern Anatolia of Turkey. The locations have different ecological characteristics from each other. The field experiments were conducted with 9 varieties in each location in a randomized complete blocks experimental design with four replications. The grain yield and some related characteristics were examined in the study. The grain yield and related characteristics of quinoa varied significantly depending on varieties and locations in the study. According to the two-year results, quinoa cultivation is a risky in Erzurum which has a high altitude and short vegetation period. The grain yields ranged between 110-599 kg ha-1 and was found to be quite low. In the Igdır location, 933-1646 kg ha-1 of seed yield was obtained from the varieties. The earliest cultivar is Q-52, it has matured in Erzurum at 102 days, Igdir at 118 days. The latest maturation (138 days) was determined in the Oro de Valle cultivar in Igdir conditions. According to these results, moqu Arrochilla, Q-52, Oro de Valle, French Vanilla and Rainbow cultivars can be recommended for non-irrigated conditions of these locations provided that it is seeded early in the spring. However, Erzurum and similar locations are not suitable for the agriculture of this plant due to short plant growing period.
For citation : Tan, M., Temel, S. (2017). Studies on the adaptation of quinoa (Chenopodium Quinoa Willd.) to Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 2. Issue No. 2. pp. 33-39. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG1702033T
Keywords : Chenopodium quinoa, adaptation, seed yield, highlands, dry conditions
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