Year 2017, Volume 2, Issue 1

Year : 2017
Volume : 2
Issue : 1
Authors : Jelena RUBA, Olga MIEZITE, Imants LIEPA
Abstract : As a result of nature resources intensive use, most of ecosystems have been converted. Anthropogenic impact includes changes of forest stands structure and their spatial specificity in the forest area. Accordingly the sanitary state of Norway spruce young forest stands can be affected by different risk impact factors of management. The aim of the research was to analyze the spruce Picea abies (L.) Karst. young forest stands sanitary condition depending on forest plots spatial specificity and location in the forest areas. The data were collected in 4 regions of Latvia in spruce young forest stands (1 - 40 years old).The research was conducted in young natural and artificial stands (pure – 44, mixed – 42). In total 502 sample plots with a total area of 28250 m2were installed.The particular plot size (25, 50, 100 and 200 m2) were selected depending on the stand average tree height, while their number depended on the forest stand area.A total area of investigated forest stands were 127.5 hectares. Results showed that the expression of spatial specifics depended on risk factors and their intensity, as well as the environmental characteristics. Damages caused by abiotic risk factors at different forest stands were not the same regarding intensity, nature and volume, but more or less closely were related to all site conditions. Spatial specificity of forest stands area (regular and irregular), as well as their location in the forest massif significantly affects the spruce young forests sanitary status (respectively p=0.027 and p=0.002). Different risk factors damage to forests, bordering with spruce or pine young growths, cutovers and various types of infrastructure, were identified as much more important.
For citation : Ruba, J., Miezite, O., Liepa, I. (2017). Sanitary condition of Picea abies (L.) Karst. young forest stands depending on the spatial specificity. AGROFOR International Journal, Volume 2. Issue No. 1. pp. 68-74. DOI: 10.7251/AGRENG1701068R
Keywords : forest stand, risk factor, sanitary condition
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